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Critical Medical Anthropology

Perspectives in and from Latin America

Edited by Jennie Gamlin, Sahra Gibbon, Paola Sesia, and Lina Berrío

ISBN: 9781787355828

Publication: March 02, 2020

Series: Embodying Inequalities: Perspectives from Medical Anthropology

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Critical Medical Anthropology presents inspiring new work from scholars engaged with and carrying out ethnographic research in or from Latin America, addressing themes of central importance to contemporary perspectives on Critical Medical Anthropology (CMA). This includes issues of health inequalities, embodiment of history, indigenous health, non-communicable diseases, social justice, gendered violence, migration, substance abuse, reproductive politics and the judicialisation of health. By drawing and reflecting on diverse histories and contemporary contexts of critical theory in Latin America, the book situates engagements with CMA in social and historical context.

The collection of ethnographically informed anthropological research, including original theoretical contributions, reconsiders the broader relevance of CMA perspectives for addressing current global healthcare challenges from the position of Latin American society and history. It includes work spanning four countries in Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Guatemala and Peru) as well as the trans-migratory contexts they connect and are defined by. By drawing on diverse social practices it address themes of central relevance to medical anthropology and global health, including reproduction and maternal health, sex work, rare and chronic disease and the use of pharmaceuticals and incorporating questions of agency, identity, reproductive politics, indigenous health, and human rights.


'Critical Medical Anthropology offers thought-provoking interventions to understandings of health, illness and healthcare. It extends a legacy of critical anthropological research, inviting and stimulating south-north dialogue, while generating inspiring new thinking at the intersections of health, social justice, human rights and political economy.'- Ciara Kierans, University of Liverpool 

 


Jennie Gamlin is Senior Wellcome Trust Fellow at the UCL Institute for Global Health. She works on the political economy of gender and violence and decolonising research in Mexico.

Lina Berrio is Associate Professor of Medical Anthropology at CIESAS Oaxaca, specialising in Maternal health in indigenous and afrodescendent populations.

Paola Sesia is Professor of Anthropology at CIESAS Oaxaca, Mexico, and works on maternal and indigenous health and judicialisation.

Sahra Gibbon is Associate Professor in Medical Anthropology at UCL Anthropology. She works on the social and cultural aspects of developments in genomics in the UK, Cuba and Brazil.

Preface: Critical Medical Anthropology in Latin America: trends, contributions, possibilities

Eduardo Menéndez

Introduction

Paola Sesia, Jennie Gamlin, Sahra Gibbon and Lina Berrio

SECTION ONE: INTERCULTURAL HEALTH. CRITICAL APPROACHES AND CURRENT CHALLENGES

1.     Anthropological engagement and interdisciplinary research: the critical approach in indigenous health in Brazil

Esther Jean Langdon and Eliana E. Diehl

2.     Critical anthropologies of maternal health. Theorizing from the field in Mexican indigenous communities

 Jennie Gamlin and Lina Rosa Berrio

3.     Susto, the anthropology of fear, and critical medical anthropology in Mexico and Peru

David Orr and Frida Jacobo Herrera

4.     Post-coital pharmaceuticals and abortion ambiguity: avoiding unwanted pregnancy using emergency contraception and misoprostol in Lima, Peru

 Rebecca Irons

SECTION TWO: GLOBALISATION AND CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES OF BORDER SPACES AND BIOLOGISED DIFFERENCE

5. Migrant trajectories and health experiences. Processes of health/illness/care for drug use among migrants in the Mexico-United States bbrder region

Olga Lidia Olivas Hernández

6.     Border spaces: stigma and social vulnerability to HIV-AIDS of Central American male migrants, at the Mexico-Guatemala border

Rubén Muñoz, Carmen Fernández Casanueva, Sonia Morales Miranda and Kimberly C. Brouwer

7. The ethno-racial basis of chronic diseases. Re-thinking race and ethnicity from a critical epidemiological perspective

Melania Calestani and Laura Montesi

SECTION THREE: POLITICAL ECONOMY AND JUDICALISATION

8.     Consultation rooms annexed to pharmacies: Mexican private, low cost, health service system

Rosa María Osorio Carranza

9. Naming, framing and shaming through obstetric viloence. An initial approach to the judicialisation of maternal health rights violations in Mexico

Paola Sesia

10. Judicialisation and the politics of rare disease in Brazil. Re-thinking activism and inequalities

Waleska Aureliano and Sahra Gibbon

Afterword: Critical Medical Anthropology in Latin America

Claudia Fonseca

Index

Critical Medical Anthropology offers thought-provoking interventions to understandings of health, illness and healthcare. It extends a legacy of critical anthropological research, inviting and stimulating south-north dialogue, while generating inspiring new thinking at the intersections of health, social justice, human rights and political economy.- Ciara Kierans, University of Liverpool 


 

Format: Open Access PDF

4 B&W illustrations Illustrations

4 B&W illustrations

Copyright: © 2020

ISBN: 9781787355828

Publication: March 02, 2020

Series: Embodying Inequalities: Perspectives from Medical Anthropology

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