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Environment and Post-Soviet Transformation in Kazakhstan’s Aral Sea Region

Sea changes

William Wheeler

ISBN: 9781800080331

Publication: October 25, 2021

Series: Economic Exposures in Asia

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The Aral Sea is well known for its devastating regression over the second half of the twentieth century, and for its recent partial restoration. Environment and Post-Soviet Transformation in Kazakhstan’s Aral Sea Region is the first book to explore what these monumental changes have meant to those living on the sea’s shores.

Following the fluctuating fortunes of the pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet fisheries, the book shows how the vast environmental changes the region has undergone cannot be disentangled from the transformations of Soviet socialism and postsocialism. This ethnographic perspective prompts a critical rethinking of the category of environmental disaster through which the region is predominantly known. Tracing how the sea’s retreat and partial return have been apprehended by diverse local actors in the former port of Aral’sk and surrounding fishing villages, as well as by scientists, bureaucrats and international development workers, William Wheeler draws out the multiple meanings environmental change acquires within different contexts. This study of how people make their lives amidst overlapping ecological and political-economic upheavals is rich in ethnographic detail that is both rooted in Soviet legacies and alive to the new transnational connections that are reshaping the region.

Offering a rigorous political ecology of Soviet socialism and after, the book is a major contribution to the nascent environmental anthropology of Central Asia. It will be of interest to environmental anthropologists, environmental historians, and scholars of all disciplines working on Central Asia and the former USSR.

William Wheeler is Leverhulme Early Career Fellow in Social Anthropology, University of Manchester.

List of figures
List of maps
Acknowledgements
Note on transliteration
Glossary and abbreviations
Maps

Introduction

1. The Aral Sea and the modernisation of Central Asia: a century of catastrophes
2. Seeing like a bureaucrat: problems of living standards and employment
3. Ocean fish, state socialism and nostalgia in Aral’sk
4. Continuity and rupture in Aral fishing villages
5. From Soviet ruins: flounder, the Kökaral dam, and the return of the Small Aral Sea
6. Zander and social change in Bögen
7. Aral’sk today: fish, money, ekologiia

Conclusion
Appendix 
Bibliography
Index

Format: Open Access PDF

64 colour illustrations

Copyright: © 2021

ISBN: 9781800080331

Publication: October 25, 2021

Series: Economic Exposures in Asia

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