New Islamic Urbanism
The Architecture of Public and Private Space in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Since the dawn of the oil era, cities in Saudi Arabia have witnessed rapid growth and profound societal changes. As a response to foreign architectural solutions and the increasing popularity of Western lifestyles, a distinct style of architecture and urban planning has emerged. Characterised by an emphasis on privacy, expressed through high enclosures, gates, blinds, and tinted windows, ‘New Islamic Urbanism’ constitutes for some an important element of piety. For others, it enables alternative ways of life, indulgence in banned social practices, and the formation of both publics and counterpublics.
Tracing the emergence of ‘New Islamic Urbanism’, this book sheds light on the changing conceptions of public and private space, in the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, in the Saudi city of Jeddah. It challenges the widespread assumption that the public sphere is exclusively male in Muslim contexts such as Saudi Arabia, where women’s public visibility is limited by the veil and strict rules of gender segregation. Showing that the rigid segregation regime for which the country is known serves to constrain the movements of men and women alike, Stefan Maneval provides a nuanced account of the negotiation of public and private spaces in Saudi Arabia.
Stefan Maneval holds a PhD in Islamic Studies from Freie Universität Berlin. For his research, he received funds from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Orient-Institut Beirut/Max Weber Foundation, and the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). He is co-editor of Muslim Matter (with O. Kasmani, 2016, Berlin: Revolver Publishing), a photo book documenting the diversity of everyday Muslim life and material culture, and author of several articles on Saudi Arabia. Living in Berlin, he is currently affiliated with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, where he investigates contemporary Theology of Religions from Lebanon.
1. A brief history of Jeddah in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
2. Public and private space in Jeddah in the first half of the twentieth century
3. The transformation of urban space in the early oil era, 1950s and 1960s
4. Architecture and religious reform: Architectural discourse from the 1970s to the 1990s
5. Residential architecture, from the 1970s to the early twenty-first century
6. Navigating urban space: Jeddah, early twenty-first century
Format: Open Access PDF
Copyright: © 2019
Publication: December 04, 2019