A Grammar of Paraguayan Guarani

Bruno Estigarribia


The history of Guarani is a history of resilience. Paraguayan Guarani is a vibrant, modern language, mother tongue to millions of people in South America. It is the only indigenous language in the Americas spoken by a non-ethnically indigenous majority, and since 1992, it is also an official language of Paraguay alongside Spanish. This book provides the first comprehensive reference grammar of Modern Paraguayan Guarani written for an English-language audience. It is an accessible yet thorough and carefully substantiated description of the language’s phonology, morphosyntax, and semantics. It also includes information about its centuries of documented history and its current sociolinguistic situation.

Examples come from literary sources and film, scholastic grammars, online newspapers, blogs and other publications, publicly accessible social media data, and the author’s own fieldwork. They are specifically chosen to reflect the diversity of uses of modern-day Guarani, with the aim of providing a realistic picture of the current state of the language in twenty-first century Paraguay.

This book will benefit researchers and students of Guarani and Paraguay, such as linguists, anthropologists, ethnographers, sociologists, historians, or cultural studies and literature scholars. Typologically-oriented researchers and students of other Tupian and Amerindian languages will have reliable data for comparative purposes. Given the unique socio-historical profile of Guarani, researchers in fields such as language contact, bilingualism, code-switching, language planning, language education, and literacy will find this book a valuable reference resource.

Praise for A Grammar of Paraguayan Guarani

'innovative both in its organization and in its statements, in the conceptual apparatus chosen and in the data on which it is based'

Bruno Estigarribia is Associate Professor of Spanish Linguistics in the Department of Romance Studies at UNC-Chapel Hill, Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, and Affiliated Faculty in UNC’s Program in American Indian and Indigenous Studies and Program in Global Studies. He was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of a Paraguayan father and an Italian mother, and was raised in a Calabrian-speaking family. He trained as a linguist at the Université Paris V-René Descartes-Sorbonne and Stanford University.

1. Introduction
2. Phonology and orthography: the sound system and its written representation
3. Nominals
4. Verbs
5. Postpositions
6. Voice
7. Evidentiality
8. Basic clauses
9. Quantification
10. Degree expressions
11. Noun incorporation into the verb
12. Complex sentences
13. Information structure
14. Order of affixes, clitics, and other particles in the predicate
15. Thematic glossary of highfrequency vocabulary
16. Text samples
17. Paradigms
18. Common phrases and expressions

'innovative both in its organization and in its statements, in the conceptual apparatus chosen and in the data on which it is based'


Format: Paperback

Size: 392 × 156 mm

388 Pages

colour illustrations

Copyright: © 2020

ISBN: 9781787352926

Publication: August 26, 2020

Series: Grammars of World and Minority Languages

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