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Resisting Postmodern Architecture

Critical regionalism before globalisation

Stylianos Giamarelos

£50.00

ISBN: 9781800081352

Publication: January 10, 2022

Tags: A. James Speyer, Aldo van Eyck, Alexander Tzonis, Alvar Aalto, Alvaro Siza, Anthony Alofsin, architectural culture, Architectural Design, architectural historiography, architectural media/magazines/exhibitions, architectural representations, architectural theory, architecture, architecture and climate change, architecture and cultural context, architecture and ecology, architecture and philosophy, architecture in modern Greece, architecture in the 1960s, architecture in the 1970s, architecture in the 1980s, architecture of resistance, Aris Konstantinidis, Atelier 66, Athens, Brutalism, Built Environment, By (author) Stylianos Giamarelos, Carlo Scarpa, Charles Jencks, collaborative design practice, colonialism and postcolonialism in architecture, commodification in architecture, contextual architecture, critical architecture, critical regionalism, Dimitris Antonakakis, Dimitris Pikionis, global architecture, globalisation, Hardback, Herman Hertzberger, identity, international style, Jørn Utzon, Kenneth Frampton, Le Corbusier, Lewis Mumford, Liane Lefaivre, local architecture, Lucius Burckhardt, Mario Botta, megalopolis, Mies van der Rohe, modern architecture, modernism and postmodernism in architecture, oral history in architecture, phenomenology, place-making in architecture, postmodern architecture, postmodernism, racism, Rafael Moneo, regional architecture, regionalism in architecture, Rhodes, Robert Stern, sustainable architecture, Suzana Antonakaki, Tadao Ando, The Architectural Review, urban sprawl, Venice Biennale of Architecture, vernacular architecture and tradition, Vittorio Gregotti
Since its first appearance in 1981, critical regionalism has enjoyed a celebrated worldwide reception. The 1990s increased its pertinence as an architectural theory that defends the cultural identity of a place resisting the homogenising onslaught of globalisation. Today, its main principles (such as acknowledging the climate, history, materials, culture and topography of a specific place) are integrated in architects’ education across the globe. But at the same time, the richer cross-cultural history of critical regionalism has been reduced to schematic juxtapositions of ‘the global’ with ‘the local’.

Retrieving both the globalising branches and the overlooked cross-cultural roots of critical regionalism, Resisting Postmodern Architecture resituates critical regionalism within the wider framework of debates around postmodern architecture, the diverse contexts from which it emerged, and the cultural media complex that conditioned its reception. In so doing, it explores the intersection of three areas of growing historical and theoretical interest: postmodernism, critical regionalism and globalisation.

Based on more than 50 interviews and previously unpublished archival material from six countries, the book transgresses existing barriers to integrate sources in other languages into anglophone architectural scholarship. In so doing, it shows how the ‘periphery’ was not just a passive recipient, but also an active generator of architectural theory and practice. Stylianos Giamarelos challenges long-held ‘central’ notions of supposedly ‘international’ discourses of the recent past, and outlines critical regionalism as an unfinished project apposite for the 21st century on the fronts of architectural theory, history and historiography.

Praise for Resisting Postmodern Architecture

'Giamarelos reflects upon why Frampton’s critical regionalism continues to endure, particularly as a template for an engaged practice on the part of architects around the world today. He points to aspects of Frampton’s ideas, such as a respect for nature, local landscapes and site conditions, which easily segue to the pressing contemporary concerns regarding sustainability and climate change. For these reasons, Resisting Postmodern Architecture is a worthy, relevant and innovative work of scholarship.'
Mary Pepchinski


Stylianos Giamarelos is Lecturer in Architecture at The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL.

List of figures

Acknowledgements

Introduction: Four decades

  • Globalisations
  • Postmodern architectures
  • Revisionist histories
  • Postmodern architecture in Greece
  • Forty years of critical regionalism
  • Globalising branches
  • Cross-cultural roots


Part I: Globalising branches

1. Postmodern stage

  • Greek architects in Venice
  • Postmodern architecture before the Biennale
  • Stern’s dominance
  • The historiographical mark of the Biennale
  • Provincialising postmodern architecture

2. Polyglot histories

  • Shared political outlook
  • Joint writing project
  • Constructive regionalism
  • The co-authored question of regionalism
  • Mumford’s significance
  • The multilingual history of critical regionalism

3. Authorial agents

  • Frampton’s regionalism
  • Tzonis and Lefaivre’s critical regionalism
  • The Antonakakis’ architecture of critical regionalism

4. Media problem

  • Postmodern regionalism
  • Battle of the publishers
  • Critical regionalism as a media construct

5. Lost books

  • Frampton’s book project
  • Regionalisms of cross-cultural exchange
  • Critical regionalism as collective culture
  • Cross-cultural roots and globalising branches

 

Part II: Cross-cultural roots

6. Celebrated reception

  • The geopolitical foundation of the Classical centre
  • The Classical centre of art and architecture
  • The marginalisation of modern architecture
  • National(ist) historiography
  • Critical regionalism in history
  • An Englishman in Athens
  • Frampton’s Greece

7. Inadvertent repercussions

  • Inward-looking repercussions
  • Boomerang effect
  • An imploding collective

8. Cross-cultural genealogy

  • Pikionis’s grid under the pathway
  • Regional modernist teachings
  • Corbu and Mies in Greece
  • Cross-cultural regionalism

9. Athenian resistance

  • Resistant architecture
  • Resistant mode of production
  • Resistant aesthetics
  • Residual hierarchies
  • Retheorising resistance

10. Postmodern stigma

  • Directing the grid
  • Transforming Athenian modernism
  • Turning postmodern
  • Short-circuited discourses

Epilogue: Three fronts

  • Three Worlds of the 1980s
  • Three globalisations of the 1990s
  • Three colonisations of the 2000s
  • Three returns of the 1960s
  • Three challenges of the 2010s

Bibliography

Index


Giamarelos reflects upon why Frampton’s critical regionalism continues to endure, particularly as a template for an engaged practice on the part of architects around the world today. He points to aspects of Frampton’s ideas, such as a respect for nature, local landscapes and site conditions, which easily segue to the pressing contemporary concerns regarding sustainability and climate change. For these reasons, Resisting Postmodern Architecture is a worthy, relevant and innovative work of scholarship. – Mary Pepchinski



 

Format: Hardback

Size: 234 × 156 mm

438 Pages

116 colour illustrations

Copyright: © 2022

ISBN: 9781800081352

Publication: January 10, 2022

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